Overhead view of a port, via Shutterstock

A data strategy to promote the clean growth of UK industries

28 July, 2020

Reading time: 4 minutes

New report from CREDS and Aether explores whether the existing data on industrial energy use and emissions can meet the challenges associated with the UK’s ambition to be net zero by 2050.

The UK has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050. A new report from CREDS and Aether, explores whether the existing data on industrial energy use and emissions can meet the challenges associated with this and proposes an improved data strategy.

The UK no longer has the opportunity to gradually introduce new technologies and allow for the moderate uptake of low carbon options. Instead, the UK Government acknowledges it needs to take an active role in driving innovation and correcting market failures. Such an approach requires robust evidence to ensure that environmental, social and economic goals are met. Good quality data is vital to implement this transformation and inform credible decision-making.

The joint CREDS and Aether report, published in March 2020, explores whether the existing data on industrial energy use and emissions can meet these new challenges and proposes an improved data strategy.

Existing data concerns

In the full report, the authors found that data are not currently good enough for the demands of providing robust and timely analysis to policymakers. There are serious concerns related to:

  • inaccessibility and proprietary ownership limiting the availability of data to users.
  • poor transparency in dataset methods, underlying sources and assumptions.
  • inconsistency, incompleteness, and incomparability in the use of classifications and taxonomies, units and formats.
  • a lack of continuity with irregular updates to datasets.
  • poor detail, particularly technological detail, in existing datasets, limiting the quality and scope of representing industrial sub-sectors.


The authors conclude that:

  • there is an urgent need for a public data strategy which gathers linked data on emissions, technologies, and related environmental, social and economic impacts.
  • high-quality data and indicators for the monitoring and management of industrial energy should respond to the needs, both present and future, of stakeholders.
  • this ideal dataset(s) should be readily updatable, open access, and independently managed, while ensuring consistency in concept, terminology and classifications.
  • the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) would be well placed to help establish a central public body that works with key agencies (for example the Office for National Statistics and Committee on Climate Change) with the aim of delivering an improved evidence base on industrial energy, emissions and technologies.


The ten key recommendations for optimising the quality of datasets in any field fall into four categories:

Data users and needs

  • Identify stakeholders, their roles and responsibilities, and their data needs.
  • Develop a list of strategic data related questions and indicators.
  • Establish a list of required datasets and indicators.

Data management

  • Appoint a public body (such as the Office for National Statistics) to manage open data access.
  • Maximise data collection and consider the long-term value beyond a single project.

Data quality

  • Ensure consistency of terminology and classifications between datasets.
  • Standardise the presentation of data, documentation on assumptions and uncertainty and ensure transparency.
  • Improve data granularity in the industrial sector, in terms of subsector and spatial disaggregation, and technology information.

Communicating data

  • Disseminate datasets in a consistent, searchable format.
  • Ensure that all datasets collected using public funding become open access.

Barriers and benefits to recommendations

There will be barriers to implementing the proposed recommendations, such as a perceived additional burden, short-term increased costs and industry confidentiality concerns. However, over the longer-term the recommendations will be beneficial to a range of stakeholders.

Stakeholders Benefit of recommendation
Government analyst (including consultants contracted by government)
  • Decision-making is informed by a wider evidence base
  • Improved ability to respond quickly to ministerial needs for evidence
  • Greater interdepartmental collaboration
  • Economic efficiency of data collection
  • Continuous improvement of datasets through clear documentation of assumptions and uncertainties
  • Continuity and consistency within and between departments
  • Reduced need for learning processes with staff turnover
  • Potential for fewer Freedom of Information (FOI) requests with greater public trust in open government
Academic researcher
  • Greater confidence in robustness of datasets
  • Improved ability to scrutinise government decision-making
  • Improved ability to provide high quality evidence to inform decision-making
Civil society
  • Better availability, accessibility, and navigability of data for diverse needs
  • Greater trust in government decision-making through transparency and a sense of open government


Norman, J., Barrett, J., Garvey, A., Taylor, P., Goodwin, J., Gibbs, M., German, R. and Garland, L.. 2020. A data strategy to promote the clean growth of UK industries | Report highlights. Centre for Research into Energy Demand Solutions, Oxford.

Banner photo credit: Shutterstock