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Our Flexibility work is focused on researching the changing relationship between the timing and extent of energy demand on the one hand, and the provision and consumption of energy services on the other.

Flexibility is one of the cross-cutting issues we research.

We refer to Flexibility as the capacity to use energy in different locations at different times of day or year (via storage or by changing the timing of activity); to switch fuels; to smooth or create peaks in demand or, in the case of mobility, to re-arrange destinations and journeys in ways that reduce energy demand and/or congestion.

Flexibility is not only about adapting supply to demand or switching fuel to match existing patterns, it is also about recognising that patterns are not fixed: they vary and can partly be shaped by technologies. For example, institutions already intervene to shape patterns of energy demand, but the strategies used tend to work in the background with the aim of minimising disruption to services. The challenge is to find opportunities to adapt social rhythms to better match peaks and troughs of renewable supply.

To address this, we are:

Understanding how energy demand is bound up with the rhythm of society and what people do

Our work in this area is about ensuring we have a detailed understanding of the contemporary timing of energy demand – domestic, non-domestic and in relation to the mobility of things and people.

Assessing interventions aimed at reducing peaks and increasing flexibility in the timing of energy demand

Our work in this area looks at technologies, pricing mechanisms and shifts in institutional timings to better understand how, where, and when people demand energy and whether they are likely to enable a more flexible management of demand.

Banner photo credit: monsitj on Adobe Stock

Using electric vehicles as distributed energy storage systems

This CREDS project is investigating how digitisation would optimise the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) process in conjunction with distribution grid constraints, the availability of local renewable energy resources and customers’ preferences.

Conceptualising flexibility

This project is conceptualising ‘flexibility’ to better understand how patterns of energy demand are shaped.

Flexibility: past, present, future

This project looks at how flexibility has been managed in the past; how flexible the energy system is today and what future flexibilities could look like.

Decarbonising local transport – help for local authorities

CREDS supported recent work with the Local Government Association (LGA) and DecarboN8 to help local councils in England plan their transport decarbonisation strategies. Seven briefing notes written for the LGA, on subjects from bus use to parking policies to setting achievable carbon goals, are designed to provide guidance, examples and recommendations on the best ways to reach net zero carbon.

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