Covid-19 TRANSAS Chapter 3 figures

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Figure 5: Change in working location from before lockdown to October

Before lockdown Change in working location October 2020
Working location N Percentage Working location N % of that category Working location N Percentage
No WFH 2084 76% No WFH 1168 56% No WFH 1220 44%
Some WFH 354 17%
100% WFH 562 27%
Some WFH 547 20% No WFH 39 7% Some WFH 474 17%
Some WFH 106 19%
100% WFH 402 73%
100% WFH 111 4% No WFH 13 12% 100% WFH 1048 38%
Some WFH 14 13%
100% WFH 84 76%

[Figure 5 ends]

Figure 6: Mean percentage of days working from home before lockdown and in October 2020 in each LA Subgroup

Local authority subgroup % days WFH before lockdown % days WFH in October
City Periphery 16% 55%
Country Living 7% 37%
Ethnically Diverse Metropolitan Living 13% 45%
Industrial and Multi-ethnic 10% 36%
Larger Towns and Cities 10% 44%
London Cosmopolitan 18% 68%
Manufacturing Legacy 11% 39%
Mining Legacy 7% 42%
Older Farming Communities 12% 31%
Prosperous Semi-rural 9% 44%
Prosperous Towns 11% 45%
Rural-Urban Fringe 5% 36%
Scottish Countryside 11% 40%
Scottish Industrial Legacy 9% 39%
Service Economy 10% 36%
Sparse English and Welsh Countryside 4% 28%
University Towns and Cities 13% 46%
Urban Living 13% 41%
Local authority subgroup % days WFH in October
City Periphery 246%
Country Living 407%
Ethnically Diverse Metropolitan Living 236%
Industrial and Multi-ethnic 248%
Larger Towns and Cities 350%
London Cosmopolitan 275%
Manufacturing Legacy 239%
Mining Legacy 488%
Older Farming Communities 153%
Prosperous Semi-rural 409%
Prosperous Towns 312%
Rural-Urban Fringe 615%
Scottish Countryside 277%
Scottish Industrial Legacy 338%
Service Economy 256%
Sparse English and Welsh Countryside 538%
University Towns and Cities 254%
Urban Living 223%

[Figure 6 ends]

Figure 7: Change in mode used to travel to work from before lockdown for those still travelling to work in October

Before lockdown Mode change October 2020
Transport mode N Percentage Mode % of that category Transport mode N Percentage
Car driver 861 57% Car driver 57 Car driver 889 59%
Car passenger 1
Bus / Tram 1
Car passenger 61 4% Car driver 13 Car passenger 70 5%
Car passenger 67
Bus / Tram 3
Walking 8
Cycling 5
Bus / Tram 214 14% Car driver 10 Bus / Tram 157 10%
Car passenger 7
Bus / Tram 64
Walking 10
Cycling 3
Walking 218 14% Car driver 5 Walking 231 15%
Bus / Tram 5
Walking 85
Cycling 2
Cycling 64 4% Car driver 5 Cycling 67 4%
Car passenger 5
Bus / Tram 2
Walking 6
Cycling 75

[Figure 7 ends]

Figure 8: Changes in Average Index of Deprivation from before lockdown to October

Working from home Before October
No WFH 23.4 24.4
Partial WFH 19.9 21.2
100% WFH 22.6 21.3

[Figure 8 ends]

Figure 9: Percentage of workers in each of the top 6 job sectors responsible for the most working from home in each Local Authority Subgroup

Local authority subgroup Financial services Accountancy Legal IT & telecoms Media/ marketing Real estate
London Cosmopolitan 6% 5% 2% 9% 10% 2%
City Periphery 4% 6% 4% 8% 10% 2%
University Towns and Cities 8% 1% 1% 5% 7% 3%
Prosperous Towns 2% 5% 3% 10% 1% 0%
Ethnically Diverse Metropolitan Living 3% 1% 2% 3% 4% 3%
Larger Towns and Cities 6% 2% 1% 6% 4% 1%
Prosperous Semi-rural 13% 0% 0% 5% 3% 0%
Mining Legacy 4% 4% 4% 11% 0% 0%
Urban Living 4% 5% 4% 6% 4% 0%
Scottish Countryside 3% 1% 1% 6% 0% 0%
Manufacturing Legacy 8% 2% 1% 7% 0% 0%
Scottish Industrial Legacy 6% 0% 1% 5% 2% 1%
Country Living 4% 2% 1% 5% 2% 0%
Service Economy 4% 3% 2% 5% 1% 0%
Rural-Urban Fringe 9% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Industrial and Multi-ethnic 5% 1% 2% 5% 3% 3%
Older Farming Communities 3% 0% 0% 0% 3% 3%
Sparse English and Welsh Countryside 7% 0% 0% 4% 0% 4%
Local authority subgroup % days WFH in October
London Cosmopolitan 68%
City Periphery 55%
University Towns and Cities 46%
Prosperous Towns 45%
Ethnically Diverse Metropolitan Living 45%
Larger Towns and Cities 44%
Prosperous Semi-rural 44%
Mining Legacy 42%
Urban Living 41%
Scottish Countryside 40%
Manufacturing Legacy 39%
Scottish Industrial Legacy 39%
Country Living 37%
Service Economy 36%
Rural-Urban Fringe 36%
Industrial and Multi-ethnic 36%
Older Farming Communities 31%
Sparse English and Welsh Countryside 28%

[Figure 9 ends]

Figure 10: Commute mode share in respondent’s residential area according to 2011 Census by before lockdown work pattern

Commute mode % No WFH % Partial WFH 100% WFH
Car or van 45.6 43.7 45.5
Car passenger 6.5 5.5 5.7
Train 3.8 4.8 4
Bus 12.7 12 11.7
Bicycle 2.7 3.5 3.4
Walk (ns) 14.9 14.5 14.2
WFH 9.1 9.4 9.8

[Figure 10 ends]

Figure 11: Commute mode share in respondent’s residential area according to 2011 Census by October work pattern.

Commute mode % No WFH % Partial WFH 100% WFH
Car or van 46.5 44.4 43.4
Car passenger 6.9 6.1 5.8
Train 3.6 3.7 4.3
Bus 12.7 12.2 12.4
Bicycle 2.5 3 3.4
Walk (ns) 2.5 3 3.4
WFH 9.1 9.2 9.3

[Figure 11 ends]

Figure 12: Average days per week worked from home according to ‘before’ commute mode

Commute mode Number of days before Covid Number of days October 20
Car Driver 0.31 1.81
Car Passenger 0.26 1.46
Van 0.17 0.56
Bus 0.31 2.59
Train 0.72 3.38
Tram/ Underground 0.53 2.96
Cycle 0.38 2.43
Walk or Wheel 0.33 1.87
Average all modes 0.35 2.06

[Figure 12 ends]

Figure 13: Differences in travel times by car, bike and public transport

Transport mode and destination No WFH Partial WFH 100% WFH
Employment > 500 – PT*** 11.7 10.8 10.1
Employment > 500 – Bike*** 9.6 8.9 8.4
Employment > 500 – Car* 7 7.2 6.8
Employment > 5000 – PT*** 28.2 25.7 25.3
Employment > 5000 – Bike*** 24.2 22.7 21.1
Employment > 5000 – Car*** 15.9 15.1 14.5
Primary school – Bike* 6.4 6.8 6.7
Primary school – Car*** 5.9 6.2 6.2
Hospital – PT** 29.7 28.4 27.6
Hospital – Bike*** 22.8 21.4 20.8
Town Centre – PT** 16.2 16.1 15
Town Centre – Bike* 12.1 11.9 11.1
Town Centre – Car* 11.2 10.9 10.6

[Figure 13 ends]

Figure 14: Comparison of potential percentage reduction in commute trips and miles per mode

Commute mode Car drivers Bus Train Bike Walk
% of days worked at home before 6 7 12 7 6
% of days worked at home October 34 5 65 47 35
% additional reduction in trips 11 19 20 17 11
% additional reduction in miles 17 21 27 21 15

[Figure 14 ends]

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